Hamlet of Pinzolo village, Sant’Antonio di Mavignola is located on a hill made by a heap of morainal debris of the post glacial ages. At the beginning many inhabitants were peasant families from Pinzolo, who in summer brought their livestock to those pastures, before rea- ching the alpine huts (“malghe”) at the highest altitudes. It seems that the first core of the village was in Milegna area, where now you can see the ancient farms dedicated to the mountain pasture.
CULTURAL POINTS OF INTEREST
1 Clemp fort. It rises up in the mountain above the village and near “Masi di Clemp”, at about 1545 m of altitude; it was an Austrian defensive fortification and now it is a place of great historical interest.
You can reach it going up along a path, strengthened eastwards by a wall made of blocks and local granite pieces. The east side of the fort faces Campiglio valley and it has two overlapping lines of vertical loopholes for guns: thirthy-eight of these are visible from the lower line, thirthy-one from the upper line.
The Clemp military site had a dominant position with a great view on Campiglio valley and Carisolo: the soldiers posted near “Masi di Clemp” could see a part of Adamello and also the ridge that separated “Val d’Amola” valley from Nardis valley.
2 St. Antonio little church. Built before the 14th century, it was guarded by an hermit. The church has a hut wooden shingle roof and Baschenis’ frescos on the outer walls. Among the several portrayals, on the entrance portal there is the Christ Deposition, with the Vergin and the most famous saints of the valley.
The church has a rectangular plant with a little granite altar; the frescos represent the Pantocrator Christ with the symbols of the four Evangelists, the Madonna with the Child, St. Antonio on one side and St. Barbara on the other side.
3 St. Teresa capital, St. Giuseppe capital, “dalla Struscia” capital, “ Pimont Bas” capital. They are christian religious architectural little buildings, originated from the popular faith handed down in the centuries. A capital was usually built as a vow of a lucky escape, as famine or pestilence, but also as a place where the Christian community could pray together.
4 Historic village and frescos. From the center of the village,following the streets towards the valley, you find the ancient part of the village with the old rustic architectures and important frescos (as the Madonna on the throne fresco by Baschenis school).
5 Fountain/washboard. Typical fountain with washboard
6 Masi Milegna. They belonged to some families of Pinzolo, who lived there before going up to “Ritorto malga” (alpine hut); they came back to these “masi” in the end of summer, before going to their houses in the valley. Milegna is one of the typical mountain huts, made by some private houses in a pasture area. Isolated by the other houses, “Casa Capot” is a typical restored mountain hut, with a granite base and huge larch logs. “Capot” was the nickname of a family of jurists, who lived in a majestic mansion house; the mountain house was dedicated to the pasture and, at the same time, it was the symbol of the wellbeing and the richness of the family.
7 Historical masi Limeda, maso Mistrin, maso Prabonoso, masi Fogajart, masi Clemp, Cavaipera masi. The so called “maso” is a rural house, that has usually a barn, a stable and a little room for food cooking and cheese preparation. The barn, the stable and the kitchen can be in one single building or the barn and the stable can be far from the house of the rural family. The house style and material depend on the different areas: they are mainly in wood in the valleys rich in forests; otherwise they are in wood and stonework where people could find stones and lime easily. The “maso”, as it was the old house of the rural family, is surrounded by fields for grazing and mowing.
8 Old road. In 1875, Mr. Giovanbattista Righi of Strembo, founder of the tourist development of Madonna di Campiglio, built the connection road between Pinzolo and the new tourist settlement, with great sacrifices and at his own expenses.
It was 13 kilometers long, creating one of the most beautiful road of the Alps; after leaving the woods in Pinzolo, the road reached the village of Mavignola, with a wonderful panorama on the Brenta Dolomites, and then Madonna di Campiglio, which owes the beginning of its splendour to this new way of communication.
9 Pimont rural settlement. Pimont is a little settlement on “Doss del Fò” mountainsides: indeed its name means “at the foot of the mountain”. In the center of the village there is a little square with a fountain, which was used to do the washing in the past.
At that time four families lived in Pimont area: three of them were pour peasants with few livestock and they lived in common spaces and worked together. The fourth family was composed by well-off peasants with more livestock and they lived and worked on their own.
Today Pimont has eight buildings, five houses and three stables. The houses have still their original frescos, plaques and paintings.
10 Fogajard old aqueduct
NATURAL POINTS OF INTEREST
12 Val Brenta. It is one of the most suggestive alpine landscape in the Adamello Brenta Nature Park, a big amphitheatre of the Dolomites that encloses Val Brenta, once the main access to the Brenta Dolomites. The landscape of the low and middle valley, even though without the past beautiful beeches than replaced with coniferous woods, has still the features of the pastoral life of that time in Brenta Bassa and Brenta Alta alpine huts, from which the majestic Crozzon di Brenta can be admired.
13 Val Nambrone. Rich in water and woods, Val Nambrone extends along about 9 kilometers in the south-east part of Presanella group, between Presanella massif and Monte Nambrone-Monte Serodoli ridge, which separates Val Nambrone from Campiglio valley. Val Nambrone has a glacial origin and it is crossed by Sarca di Nambrone river, which comes from the homonymous lake. The two orographical sides are asymmetric: the left one is steep, while the right one goes inside the heart of Presanella with the two valleys of Amola and Cornisello. The landscape is harsh and wild in the high part and in the valleys around it, while the low part has a luxuriant greenery and it is rich in water, with many rural settlements and alpine huts.
14 Valagola. It goes beyond the beautiful forest of Cantin, which has been kept as a virgin alpine wood. Coming out of the forest, you reach the grassy banks of the little lake of Valagola and the luxuriant fir forest. The peace of the lake embraces the majestic tops around it.
“La Rampagada” From 1977 Proloco GS Mavignola organizes this run race through the wonderful Val Brenta.
The race covers two distances: one of 5 km near Plaza area, suitable for families and for all people who want to pass a funny afternoon in the open air, and the other of about 14 km (one- third of a marathon) for athlets and runners who like difficult routes. Effort and sweat will be widely rewared for the beauty and variety of this race course, which crosses one of the most beautiful area of Adamello Brenta Nature Park.
You can find Sant'Antonio di Mavignola "Family route" map at Val Rendena town halls, Pro Loco tourist offices and Tourist Board offices